Using custom fonts

While Android and iOS offer high quality system fonts, one of the most common requests from designers is to use custom fonts! For example, we may have a custom-built font from our designer or downloaded a font from Google Fonts.

Flutter works out of the box with custom fonts. We can apply fonts across an entire app or to individual Widgets.

Directions

  1. Import the font files
  2. Declare the font in the pubspec.yaml
  3. Set a font as the default
  4. Use a font in a specific Widget

1. Import the font files

In order to work with a font, we need to import the font files into the project. It is common practice to put font files in a fonts or assets folder at the root of a Flutter project.

For example, if we want to import the Raleway and Roboto Mono font files into our project, the folder structure would look like this:

awesome_app/
  fonts/
    Raleway-Regular.ttf
    Raleway-Italic.ttf
    RobotoMono-Regular.ttf
    RobotoMono-Bold.ttf

2. Declare the font in the pubspec.yaml

Now that we have a font to work with, we need to tell Flutter where to find it. We can do so by including a font definition in the pubspec.yaml.

flutter:
  fonts:
    - family: Raleway
      fonts:
        - asset: fonts/Raleway-Regular.ttf
        - asset: fonts/Raleway-Italic.ttf
          style: italic
    - family: RobotoMono
      fonts:
        - asset: fonts/RobotoMono-Regular.ttf
        - asset: fonts/RobotoMono-Bold.ttf
          weight: 700

pubspec.yaml option definitions

The family determines the name of the font, which we can use in the fontFamily property of a TextStyle object.

The asset is a path to the font file, relative to the pubspec.yaml file. These files contain the outlines for the glyphs in the font. When building our app, these files are included in our app’s asset bundle.

A single font can reference many different files with different outline weights and styles:

  • The weight property specifies the weight of the outlines in the file as an integer multiple of 100 between 100 and 900. These values correspond to the FontWeight and can be used in the fontWeight property of a TextStyle object.

  • The style property specfies whether the outlines in the file are italic or normal. These values correspond to the FontStyle and can be used in the fontStyle property of a TextStyle object.

3. Set a font as the default

We have two options for how to apply fonts to text: as the default font or only within specific Widgets.

To use a font as the default, we can set the fontFamily property as part of the app’s theme. The value we provide to fontFamily must match the family name declared in the pubspec.yaml.

MaterialApp(
  title: 'Custom Fonts',
  // Set Raleway as the default app font
  theme: ThemeData(fontFamily: 'Raleway'),
  home: MyHomePage(),
);

For more information on themes, please view the “Using Themes to share colors and font styles” recipe.

4. Use the font in a specific Widget

If we want to apply the font to a specific Widget, such as a Text Widget, we can provide a TextStyle to the Widget.

In this example, we’ll apply the RobotoMono font to a single Text Widget. Once again, the fontFamily must match the family name we declared in the pubspec.yaml.

Text(
  'Roboto Mono sample',
  style: TextStyle(fontFamily: 'RobotoMono'),
);

TextStyle

If a TextStyle object specifies a weight or style for which is there is no exact font file, the engine uses one of the more generic files for the font and attempts to extrapolate outlines for the requested weight and style.

Complete example

Fonts

The Raleway and RobotoMono fonts were downloaded from Google Fonts.

pubspec.yaml

name: custom_fonts
description: An example of how to use custom fonts with Flutter

dependencies:
  flutter:
    sdk: flutter

dev_dependencies:
  flutter_test:
    sdk: flutter

flutter:
  fonts:
    - family: Raleway
      fonts:
        - asset: fonts/Raleway-Regular.ttf
        - asset: fonts/Raleway-Italic.ttf
          style: italic
    - family: RobotoMono
      fonts:
        - asset: fonts/RobotoMono-Regular.ttf
        - asset: fonts/RobotoMono-Bold.ttf
          weight: 700
  uses-material-design: true

main.dart

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Custom Fonts',
      // Set Raleway as the default app font
      theme: ThemeData(fontFamily: 'Raleway'),
      home: MyHomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class MyHomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      // The AppBar will use the app-default Raleway font
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('Custom Fonts')),
      body: Center(
        // This Text Widget will use the RobotoMono font
        child: Text(
          'Roboto Mono sample',
          style: TextStyle(fontFamily: 'RobotoMono'),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Custom Fonts Demo